This is my first attempt at creating a documentary.
Through this documentary I have tried to highlight environmental degradation through disappearance of water-bodies particularly wetlands.
The documentary is named Vanishing Wetlands Of Delhi NCR to view the documentary kindly visit my YouTube channel here
The synopsis of the documentary is as follows
Vanishing Wetlands Of Delhi/NCR
It is increasingly realized that the planet earth is facing Grave environmental problems with fast depleting natural resources ,threatening the very existence of most of the ecosystems. One of the difficulties most frequently faced for decision making is lack of scientific data of our natural resources.
What are Wetlands?
Wetlands are one of the crucial natural resources. Wetlands are areas of land that are either temporarily or permanently covered by water. This means that a wetland is neither truly aquatic nor terrestrial; it is possible that wetlands can be both at the same time depending on seasonal variability.
Wetlands support a large variety of plant and animal species adapted to fluctuating water levels, making the wetlands of critical ecological significance.
Wetlands directly and indirectly support millions of people in providing services such as food, fiber and raw materials, storm and flood control, clean water supply, scenic beauty and educational and recreational benefits.
Natural ecosystem sustain human and animal life in many ways
Provisioning services: The resources or products provided by ecosystems, such as food, raw materials (wood), genetic resources, medicinal resources, ornamental resources (skin, shells, flowers).
Regulating services: Ecosystems maintain the essential ecological processes and life support systems, like gas and climate regulation, water supply and regulation, waste treatment, pollination, etc.
Supporting services: Ecosystems provide habitat for flora and fauna in order to maintain biological and genetic diversity.
Wetlands are an important component of natural ecosystems.
Despite these benefits, wetlands are the first target of human interference and are among the most threatened of all natural resources.
Around 50% of the earth’s wetlands is estimated to already have disappeared worldwide over the last hundred years through conversion to industrial, agricultural and residential developments.
Types Of Wetland: MARSH ,Dams ,Freshwater Lake ,Water Storage Reservoir ,Salt Pans ,Sea Beaches ETC.
Is there any International convention to save wetlands?
The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. It is also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971.
India is very significant to Ramsar Convention and declaration of more Ramsar sites would help the country to garner global recognition.
It can also promote the conservation of the wetlands in saving varied biodiversity and ensuring water security of many parts of the surrounding regions.
How wetlands act as Carbon Sink?
Wetlands are usually known for mass carbon storage and sequestration in form of biomass, however they are also a prominent source of Greenhouse Gases.
This dual nature of wetlands is a very peculiar property and not so well understood, even though it is very clear that under certain circumstances same wetlands could either be net sink or net source of greenhouse gases
The circumstances are usually improper wetland management, ignorance of wetlands etc., which lead to their degradation.
Factors threatening Wetlands?
There are many factors threatening the existence of wetlands. Some of the major ones which are usually caused by human actions are agriculture, encroachments, mining, dumping, global warming, dam constructions, draining, and development of springs etc.